PERSEPSI PENDIDIK VOKASI ATAS ATRIBUT-ATRIBUT EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS YANG DIBUTUHKAN DUNIA KERJA ERA REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0

I Made Suarta, I Ketut Suwintana, I G P Fajar Pranadi Sudhana, Ni Kadek Dessy Hariyanti

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji persepsi pendidik pada program pendidikan tinggi vokasi tentang tingkat kepentingan atribut employability skills yang dibutuhkan oleh lulusan pendidikan tinggi vokasi dalam memasuki dunia kerja di era revolusi industri 4.0. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode survei, menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat pengumpul data. Responden dipilih secara purposive sampling dari pendidik pada program studi akuntansi vokasi politeknik negeri dan swasta. Instrumen penelitian disusun berdasarkan model hipotetik employability skills yang meliputi keterampilan generik dan atribut personal. Keterampilan generik terdiri atas 45 item pertanyaan dan atribut pribadi terdiri atas 20 item pertanyaan. Instrumen penelitian disusun dalam bentuk pertanyaan tertutup menggunakan skala Likert lima poin, mulai dari tidak penting hingga sangat penting. Data dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif, yaitu skor rata-rata, standar deviasi, dan grafik. Rata-rata skor diurutkan dari tinggi ke rendah yang menunjukkan tingkat kepentingan atribut-atribut employability skills menurut persepsi pendidik vokasi. Keterampilan komunikasi, keterampilan mengelola diri, keterampilan kerjasama tim, dan keterampilan belajar adalah kelompok keterampilan generik dengan tingkat kepentingan tinggi menurut persepsi pendidik vokasi. Pendidik vokasi juga menempatkan kejujuran, integritas, etika kerja, akurasi, dan kepribadian sebagai atribut pribadi dengan tingkat kepentingan tinggi yang harus dimiliki oleh lulusan pendidikan tinggi vokasi. Implikasi dari temuan ini adalah kebutuhan untuk merevitalisasi kurikulum pendidikan vokasi, yang tidak hanya berfokus pada penguasaan pengetahuan dan keterampilan teknis dalam bidang pekerjaan tertentu, tetapi juga memberikan perhatian pada pengembangan atribut-atribut employability skills mahasiswa vokasi.


References


Abayadeera, N., & Watty, K. (2016). Generic skills in accounting education in a developing country: Exploratory evidence from Sri Lanka. Asian Review of Accounting, 24(2): 149 – 170.

Ali, I. M., Kamarudin, K., Suriani, N.A., Said, N.Z., & Affandi, Z.A.M. (2016). Perception of Employers and Educators in Accounting Education. 7th International Economics and Business Management Conference, 5th & 6th October 2016. Procedia Economics and Finance, 35 (2016): 54 – 63.

Axson, D. (2015). Death by digital: Goodbye to finance as you know it. CFO.com, October 27, 2015.

Brewer, L. (2013). Enhancing youth employability: What? Why? and How? Guide to core work skills. International Labour Office, Skills and Employability Department. Geneva: ILO. Diakses 23 Maret 2019 dari https://www.ilo.org/publns

Bunney, D., Sharplin, E., & Howitt, C. (2015). Generic skills for graduate accountants: the bigger picture, a social and economic imperative in the new knowledge economy. Higher Education Research & Development, 34(2): 256 – 269, https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2014.956700.

Burritt, R., & Christ, K. (2016). New World: Fourth industrial revolution. Accounting and Business. Diakses pada 5 Maret 2018 dari http://graduate.accaglobal.com/.../2016/November-December/AB-INT-Nov-Dec-2016.pdf

Douglas, S., & Gammie, E. (2019). An investigation into the development of non-technical skills by undergraduate accounting programmes. Accounting Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/09639284.2019.1605532

Frey, C. B., & Osborne, M. A. (2014). Computers versus humans. Options Politiques (Policy Options), 35(1), 26–29.

Hood, D. (2015). Losing sleep: Leaders of the profession on its biggest nightmares. Accounting Today, 29(10) (October), 1+. Available at: https://www.accountingtoday.com/news/losing-sleep.

Howcroft, D. (2017). Graduates’ vocational skills for the management accountancy profession: Exploring the accounting education expectation-performance gap. Accounting Education, 26(5–6), 459–481, DOI: 10.1080/09639284.2017.1361846.

Jaschik, S., & Lederman, D. (2015). The 2015 inside higher ed survey of community college presidents conducted by Gallup. Available at: https://www.insidehighered.com/booklet/community-college-presidents

Klibi, M.F., & Oussii, A.A. (2013). Skills and Attributes Needed for Success in Accounting Career: Do Employers’ Expectations Fit with Students’ Perceptions? Evidence from Tunisia. International Journal of Business and Management, 8(8): 118 – 132.

Lawson, R. A., Blocher, E., Brewer, P. C., Cokins, G., Sorensen, J. E., Stout, D. E., Sundem, G. L., Wolcott, S., & Wouters, M. J. F. (2014). Focusing accounting curricula on students’ long-run careers: Recommendation for an integrated competency-based framework for accounting education. Issues in Accounting Education, 29(2): 295 – 317. https://doi.org/10.2308/iace-50673

Lim, Y.M., Lee, T.H., Yap, C.S., & Ling, C.C. (2016). Employability skills, personal qualities, and early employment problems of entry-level auditors: Perspectives from employers, lecturers, auditors, and students, Journal of Education for Business, 91(4): 185-192, https://doi.org/10.1080/08832323.2016.1153998

Low, M., Botes, V., Dela Rue, D., & Allen, J. (2016). Accounting Employers’ Expectations - The Ideal Accounting Graduates. e-Journal of Business Education & Scholarship of Teaching, 10(1): 36-57.

McMurray, S., Dutton, M. McQuaid, R.W., Richard, A. (2016). Employer Demands from Business Graduates. Education and Training, 58(1): 112 – 132, DOI: 10.1108/ET-02-2014-0017.

Mitchell, M.L., & Jolley, J.M. (2007). Research design explained (6th ed). Belmont, CA: Thompson Wadsworth.

Nassauer, S. (2016). Wal-Mart to cut 7,000 back office store jobs. The Wall Street Journal (September 1). Available at: http://www.wsj.com/articles/wal-mart-to-cut-7,000-back-office-store-jobs-1472743429.

Ngoo, Y.T., Tiong, K.M, & Pok, W.F. (2015). Bridging the Gap of Perceived Skills between Employers and Accounting Graduates in Malaysia. American Journal of Economics, 5(2): 98-104.

PricewaterhouseCoopers (2015). The evolution of auditors: How skillsets are changing (October). Available at: http://www.pwc.com/us/en/cfodirect/assets/pdf/auditing-evolution-technology-driven-skillsets.pdf.

Palmer, S. (2017). The 5 Jobs Robots Will Take First. Diakses pada 26 February, 2018 dari https://www.shellypalmer.com/2017/02/5jobs-robots-will-take-first/

Samans, R., & Davis, N. (2017). Advancing Human - Centred Economic Progress in the Fourth Industrial Revolution A Leadership Agenda for G20 Governments. Diakses pada 5 Maret 2018 dari http://www.G20-insights.org

Setyaningrum, D., Muktiyanto, A., & Hermawan, A.A. (2015). How Indonesian Accounting Education Providers Meet The Demand of The Industry. International Research Journal of Business Studies, 8(1): 1 – 11.

Suarta, I M., Suwintana, I K., Fajar Pranadi Sudhana, I G P., Dessy Harriyanti, N K. (2017). Pengembangan Model Pengukuran dan Perangkat Asesmen Employability Skills untuk Mahasiswa Pendidikan Tinggi Vokasi. Laporan Akhir Tahun Penelitian Sosial, Humaniora, dan Pendidikan (Tidak dipublikasikan). Badung: Politeknik Negeri Bali.

Tan, L.M., & Laswad, F. (2018). Professional skills required of accountants: what do job advertisements tell us? Accounting Education, 27:4, 403-432, DOI: 10.1080/09639284.2018.1490189

The World Economic Forum (WEF). (2016). The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Diakses pada 3 Maret 2018 dari http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Future_of_Jobs.pdf

World Economic Forum (2014). Global Risks 2014 Available at: http://www.weforum.org/reports/global-risks-2014-report.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/jvi.v8i1.150

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

View My Stats