Hubungan Jenis Persalinan dan Prematuritas dengan Hiperbilirubinemia di RS Persahabatan

Elsa Roselina, Saroha Pinem, Rochimah Rochimah


ABSTRACT. Hyperbilirubinemia refers to an excessive level of accumulated bilirubin in the blood and is
characterized by jaundice, or icterus, a yellowish discoloration of the skin and other organs. There are two risk
factors that related to hyperbilirubinemia. Those factors are maternal factor and neonates‟ factor. The aim of
this research knew which variables which catagorized as maternal factor and neonates‟ factor that related to
hyperbilirubinemia in Persahabatan hospital. This research used medical records from 216 neonates and
his/her mother from October 2008 until October 2009 as samples. Research design was case control, with used
5% level of significant and 80% power. The statistical analysis was multivariable logistic regression. Factors
that related to hyperbilirubinemia in Persahabatan hospital were type of labor (p value 0.000) and
prematurity (p value 0.022). Type of labor is a dominant variable that related to hyperbilirubinemia and
neonates from un-spontaneous labor has probability to be hyperbilirubinemia 50.193 times than neonates from
spontaneous labor after controlled by prematurity (odds ratio 50.193).
Keywords: hyperbilirubinemia, type of labor, prematurity

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